Tuesday, September 30, 2008
Mr Schilt, an Australian currently on assignment at
He also noted that though software copyright laws have been effective in PNG for over five years, many institutions both government and private continue to deploy unlicensed software throughout their organisations.
“This illegal practice eludes criminal prosecution due to the non-existence in PNG of a Government Body to regulate these unprofessional practices,” Mr Schilt said.
“It also distorts IT budgets as software license costs are generally omitted from the financial planning process thus giving an inaccurate and under-estimated financial snapshot of Total Cost of Ownership (TOC).
“The Open Source Software (OSS) model for applications development is based on principles of openness and collaboration compared to the proprietary model which is closed and is primarily focused on profit,” he said.
“Open Source Software is a development method for software that harnesses the power of distributed peer review and transparency of process.
“The promise of Open Source is better quality, higher reliability, more flexibility, lower cost, and an end to predatory vendor lock-in.”
Mr Schilt quoted a recent Garter report, The State of
The report goes on to say that “by 2012, more than 90% of enterprises will use Open Source in direct or embedded forms”.
“Although a thorough analysis and study of processes and business requirements should always precede the decision as to which software is to be used in any organisation, there currently exists a window of opportunity in
“ This window of opportunity that now exists within PNG can be attributed to the so called ‘Green Field’ situation and the fact that many institutions are now just embarking upon Information Systems (IS) projects and thus are able to bypass the high costs associated with migration from a Proprietary to an Open Source solution.”
Mr Schilt said the tangible benefits when adopting an Open Source method to software implementations within PNG Hospitals were as follows:
- Open Source Software is almost 100% immune to virus, spyware and other forms of malicious attacks. One can safely deploy PC's in an organisation without the need to install complex and costly virus protection software and at the same time feel confident that their PC's will remain virus free. This point alone gives incredible strength to the argument for Open Source. Goroka General Hospital has close to 60 PC's deployed, not one runs any form of anti virus software and in the past 12 months it has not had not had one single virus incident.
- There are no software licensing costs associated with Open Source Software. Because Open Source is based on a collaborative model rather than a model for profit, the costs savings in software licensing alone make for a very strong business case for Open Source. Goroka Hospital’s IT Training Center as an example has saved the Hospital K5,000 per PC, that is approximately K60,000 in software licenses that would have been needed to purchase had it installed PC's with Microsoft Windows and Microsoft Office.
- Collaboration groups around the world that are currently involved in software development initiatives for Health Information Systems (HIS) are mature and offer a wide range of Health Informatics application software solutions. These groups, too many to name, have had a major impact on the delivery of health care solutions not only globally but also in the Pacific Region.
“The ultimate objective of our work at
“This goal will only be achieved through the provision of efficient, reliable and integrated health information systems that are cost effective.
“The IT Team at
Mr Schilt has over 25 years experience in the IC&T Industry and comes to the
Before coming to PNG in 2005 he was a key team member on a high-profile, large-scale and successful E-government implementation.
Through him Goroka General Hospital is the first in the country to have its own website with an online health forum soon to follow, an intranet is soon to follow, staff have been trained using Open Source Software, new training modules are being developed, and the next major challenge is the development of an Electronic Patient Records System (PRS) including the tidy up of hospital's records whilst adhering to recognised international health record keeping standards.
“This task has already commenced and is envisaged to run for the next 18 months to two years,” Mr Schilt said,
“The basis and starting point for a PRS at
Monday, September 29, 2008
Funding is number one problem identified
From Demolition Man to Spiderman to Star Wars, Papua New Guineans have watched these Western films so many times that they have become household names.
Whether they be on DVD, video cassettes or on HBO, we have become so accustomed to American movies that we never give a second thought to the possibility that we could make our own.
The first film made in
Most films after that were ethnographic documentaries about the way of life in the country.
Then we saw the emergence of some short films such as Urban Drift, Fourth Child, Warriors in Transit, Marabe and Stap Isi, all about life in developing
The first fully Papua New Guinean 16mm drama film, Tukana-husat I Asua? was made in 1982, by the
Then in 1990, the second Papua New Guinean entertainment film, Tinpis Run, was made. This half a million
Films like Tinpis Run, Tukana, Marabe, Stap Isi, Stolen Moments, are locally made, yet over the years the film industry in the country has been fighting a desperate battle just to survive.
Because making films in
Tukana cost about US$30,000 to $40,000; Stolen Moments was made for less than $10,000 with money raised from local businesses and the unpaid services of many.
That was some 10 years ago.
It is a different story today.
Ruth Ketau, film editor at the National Film Institute in Goroka, says the biggest problem is lack of funding from the government.
“Since PNG is a developing nation with many mouths to feed and is facing an economic downturn, the government can’t afford to put money into film making because it doesn’t see it as a priority.”
Yet the national information and communications policy (revised edition 1993), says: “It shall be the policy of the government to encourage and support the production of short educational films by both the private and public agencies.”
But can all the blame be put on the national government for
One major hurdle the film industry is facing is that
Dr Nancy Sullivan, an American who was producer and co-director of Stolen Moments, says a big problem is video piracy.
“Whatever gets produced doesn’t get any revenue because it’s just copied and shown without being sold.
“Certainly the first step to an indigenous film industry would be the institution of copyright laws.”
Thirty-seven-year-old Oscar Sam Wanu, who played the lead role in Tinpis Run, says the film was professionally made.
Even though it won the ‘Best Acting Movie’ in
“PNG has no copyright law and the moment one film is shown, it’s copied. To tell you the truth, even before I received a copy of the finished product of Tinpis Run, one of my wantoks had already shown it to his neighbours.”
Wanu also says that Papua New Guineans have been producing educational and documentary films but are less strong on entertainment films.
He said “If we are to break into the international film market we must be competitive because that is where we can make the big bucks.
“Tinpis Run has stunts, special effects, lighting and sound effects which are ingredients of a successful entertainment film.
“Most PNG films need these to even start attracting international audiences.”
But Sullivan points out that
In PNG, there is a blur between real entertainment films and documentary.
“Unlike Western films, we produce ones which have fiction yet with facts to say something about the PNG way of life.
“There are not so much ‘aliens coming to earth’ or fantasy-type films but ones that have some truth about PNG culture.
“Because of that uniqueness, we can gain international audiences who are already tired of these crazy American films.”
The PNG National Film Institute (NFI) in Goroka is the only place in
The institute comes under the National Cultural Commission, along with bodies like the
The National Cultural Commission gave K368, 500 to the NFI, out of the total K2.1 million allocated to it by the national government last year (2002).
“It’s just not enough,” says Ketau.
“We were not able to make any major films in the last three years because of the cost associated with filmmaking in the country.”
Rodney Sinaune, who owns and operates Niugini Piksa Productions in Goroka, knows exactly why independent filmmakers like himself are also struggling.
“There was a National Film Symposium held in Goroka in 1987 where filmmakers, producers and editors formulated policies to help the industry, but since then, the policy has been shelved.
“There is talent out there but people don’t see the significance of an industry that can’t even make its own money and support itself.”
With the film industry ailing, another opportunity that has arisen is short television productions. The national television station, EMTV, has contributed by airing locally made programmes such as CHM Super Sounds, South Pacific Music, Insait, NCDC News and My People My Country.
But TV shows cannot really be a substitute for the missed chance of making indigenous
And while the film industry is busy fighting its battles, the country’s audience will continue watching foreign films to fill the entertainment void
I believe this information is very important so spread the news.
Here are some items that have been recalled in
For your information, the following items have been recalled due to
3. Mento's Yoghurt Bottle
4. Dove Chocolate
5. Oreo Wafer Sticks
6. Dutchlady Sterilised Milk
7. Wall's all natural mango
8. Mini Poppers Ice Cream
9. Magnum Ice Cream
11. Mini Cornetto
12. Youcan Ice Cream
Stores have been asked by AVA Singapore to remove them. If you have any of these items at home, don't eat them.
Consumers who have bought the affected products are advised not to consume them, the AVA said in a statement.
The latest test results bring the total number of milk and related products from
The other two affected products are ‘Yili Brand’ Choice Dairy Fruit Bar
Yogurt Flavoured Ice Confection" and ‘Dutch Lady’ brand of strawberry flavoured milk.
All the affected products have been recalled earlier.
Since Sept 19, 2008, AVA has suspended the import and sale of all milk and milk products from
These products include milk, ice-cream, yoghurt, confectionery such as chocolates, biscuits and sweets as well as any other products containing milk from
Retailers and importers have also been instructed to recall these
products and withhold them from sale.
AVA will not hesitate to prosecute any retailer or importer who fail to
remove these products from their shelves. Under the
As a precaution, consumers are also advised not to consume any milk or
milk products from
Caption 1: An Inter-Territory game in
Caption 2: The
It will be the culmination another season of top-class rugby league and will be even more special in that these two clubs are the pioneers of Port Moresby Rugby League,
The game of Rugby League was first played in
However, it wasn't until the late 1960's when the game was regularly played by locals.
In the 1950's, there were regular matches between Australian soldiers in
There were also many other regional events taking place which often attracted large crowds, mainly watched by other soldiers and natives from local villages.
Rugby League grew very quickly indeed, and although the game was only a popular spectator sport, mainly played by Australians and New Zealanders, it was clear that Rugby League was their national sport by the 1960's.
SUB-REGIONAL WORKSHOP ON SPECIAL MEASURES FOR WOMEN 25-26 SEPTEMBER 2008 PORT MORESBY, PAPUA NEW GUINEA
SUMMARY OF OUTCOMES
In 2004 the Leaders of the Pacific Islands Forum called for action to address the low levels of women in decision-making, within the framework of the Forum’s Pacific Plan and consistent with the Pacific Platform for Action on gender equality. In April 2006 a “Pacific Regional Workshop on Advancing Women’s Representation in Parliament” was held in Rarotonga,
2. The first such sub-regional workshop, focused on Melanesian countries, was convened in
3. The Workshop was opened by the Right Honourable Grand Chief Sir Michael Somare, Prime Minister of Papua New Guinea, and was attended by the Honourable Dame Carol Kidu, Minister for Community Development from Papua New Guinea, Deputy Speaker of Parliament Francesca Semoso and Minister the Honourable Laura Ampa from the Autonomous Bougainville Government, along with current and former parliamentarians, senior officials and civil society representatives from Fiji, Papua New Guinea, Solomon Islands and Vanuatu. Supporting partners, international organisations and selected experts also participated in the workshop.
4. Opening the Workshop, Prime Minister Sir Michael Somare voiced his strong support for the advancement of women in public life, including increasing women’s representation in parliament. The Prime Minister emphasised the shared responsibility of men, women, members of the legislature and voters in working together to change perceptions and recognise the need for both genders to be represented in parliament and public life, in order for Pacific nations to realise their full potential in the global environment. He said that custom could no longer be used as an excuse to justify the exclusion of women from politics, when Pacific countries aspired to embrace many western ideals and concepts. The Prime Minister noted options currently under discussion in
5. Participants considered and discussed the low level of women’s representation in Parliaments in the Pacific region by global standards, and analysis of the reasons for women’s lack of success in recent Melanesian elections. The Workshop noted a large number of factors including institutional, cultural and financial, which constrain women from political success. The Workshop discussed the reasons why special measures were needed and justified, noting in particular participating countries’ international and regional commitments to gender equality, as well as the very practical reasons women should be proportionally represented in parliaments, including fair representation, and the valuable perspectives and priorities on crucial social issues offered by women.
6. The Workshop examined the technical and legal options available for special measures to increase women’s representation. Participants recognised that differences between countries such as their respective electoral systems and the strength of their political parties, have an effect on the choice and potential effectiveness of special measures.
7. During the Workshop, each delegation provided information on the situation in its country, actions presently underway to increase women’s political participation, and remaining challenges. Examples of special measures already in place in the region were examined, including reserved seats for women in the Motu-Koita Assembly in
8. In discussing special measures in their countries, Workshop participants recognised that it is essential that such measures be owned, led, and supported by the women and men of each country, drawing on regional and international assistance where needed.
9. The Workshop further emphasised that strategies to increase women’s representation in parliaments must be holistic and comprehensive. As such, participants identified some key considerations relevant to all four countries in developing strategies for special measures, including:
· The importance of increasing knowledge about political, electoral, parliamentary and legal issues among those working towards women’s representation, in order to develop and implement fully informed and effective strategies, and participate in political discussions on an equal level with their male counterparts;
· The importance of working with men and including men in advocacy, education and strategy to increase women’s representation;
· The need for a united purpose and strategy among woman candidates, national women’s machineries, women’s groups and NGOs, in order to maximise impact;
· The need for greater attention to education of voters at the community level, both women and men, to raise understanding of political issues in general, gender issues, and the importance and value of women’s participation in public life;
· The need for further study of the psychology of voting and voting patterns in Melanesian countries in order to comprehensively understand voter behaviour and inform strategy;
· The great importance of mobilising financial resources to enable women to campaign effectively for election;
· The relevance of broader measures to combat corruption in politics and elections, in order to ensure that electoral competition is fair and transparent.
10. With these considerations in mind, each delegation commenced work to develop a national strategy for identifying and implementing appropriate special measures to increase the representation of women in Parliament:
- In the short term, working towards making quotas mandatory through legislation, while at the same time lobbying political parties to adopt and implement voluntary quotas for women in their party manifestos, and lobbying for the appointment of more women to the upper house of Parliament;
- implementing the “gender elections cycle” presently being developed in cooperation with the Office of the Supervisor of Elections;
- a long-term approach to promote constitutional amendments to entrench party quotas in the lower house of the Parliament, as appropriate to the electoral system.
- In the short term, working to implement the existing NEC (Cabinet) decisions on special measures. This means promoting amendment to the Organic Law on Integrity of Political Parties, to remove the ability of members in nominated seats to participate in motions of no confidence to block budget bills. This would remove a present blockage to NEC endorsing the activation of constitutional provisions to appoint women to 3 seats in Parliament;
- Working to put in place an Organic Law on Gender Equity, or reserved seats legislation of some sort to provide for the election of women to reserved seats in parliament, ready for the 2012 elections. The number and distribution of such reserved seats would require further consideration and discussion;
- As a longer term goal, encouraging a broader review of the electoral and political system in PNG;
- In addition, PNG proposed that a study be conducted to document the establishment of reserved seats for women and the experiences of women in the Autonomous Bougainville Government, for the information and reference of others in PNG and the region.
11. Participants expressed their appreciation for the support from regional and international partners for the Workshop and the ongoing efforts to increase women’s political participation in
26 September 2008
Sunday, September 28, 2008
Villagers from remote Iruupi village in the Western province have complained to Governor Bob Danaya about dead fish being found in the
They raised their concern in a letter to Mr Danaya last Thursday (September 25) and asked the Governor to send in experts to ascertain the exact cause of the fish dying.
They believe that the fish could be dying because of oil or petroleum substances in the river.
“We wish to make known to you sightings of dead fish numbering up to 200-plus dying nearly everyday and floating in the river system of
“The sightings of these dead fish began last month and are getting worse nearly everyday.
“We have made requests to the administration several times to send an assessment team to assess the dying garden crops but nothing has since been done.
“It has now happened to the river system.
“We are suspecting leakages of oil or petroleum substance in the river system that is killing the fish.
“The tide in the river has been normal and there has been no flooding since the beginning of this year.
“We are very worried because our livelihood has been taken away by this unknown mystery.
“Please send us experts in the field of petroleum to investigate and report accurately the findings.”
Copies of the letter were also sent to South Fly MP Sali Subam and the Departments of Petroleum and Energy and Environment and Conservation.
UNICEF Announces Nominees for This Year's International Children's Day of Broadcasting (ICDB) Awards
The International Children’s Day of Broadcasting is celebrated by hundreds of broadcasters around the world. The next ICDB will take place on 1 March 2009 with the theme “Unite for Children: Tune in to Kids!”
This year, the nominees each won a regional competition and now go on to compete for global honours. The nominees come from
“These visionary broadcasters have demonstrated creativity in their programming as concrete evidence of their commitment to getting young people’s voices heard,” says Stephen Cassidy, Chief of UNICEF’s Internet, Broadcast and Image Section. “We are happy to see the increase in radio broadcasters this year, as we strive to recognize the audio medium with the same respect television has received, especially given the importance of radio in many of the world’s developing countries.”
Regional judging took place between June and August and entries were evaluated by teams of broadcasters, radio and television experts and communications specialists. The judges looked at content, execution and year-round youth participation.
The ICDB was launched in 1991 to encourage broadcasters worldwide to create awareness for children’s issues. Each December, these youth write, report, produce and present programs that allow them to reach a wide audience with their thoughts on the issues that affect them.
The ICDB Regional Prizes for television went to Channel I (
The 2007 ICDB Awards went to National Broadcasting of Thailand (NBT), ONUCI FM and Radio
UNICEF is on the ground in over 150 countries and territories to help children survive and thrive, from early childhood through adolescence. The world’s largest provider of vaccines for developing countries, UNICEF supports child health and nutrition, good water and sanitation, quality basic education for all boys and girls, and the protection of children from violence, exploitation, and AIDS. UNICEF is funded entirely by the voluntary contributions of individuals, businesses, foundations and governments.
For further information, please contact:
Karen Cirillo, UNICEF IBIS, 212 326 7506 firstname.lastname@example.org
Dear Corporate Citizen and Aviat Member;
This Sunday 28th September the PNG Kumuls take on an Australian Prime Ministers XIII in an important rugby league match, leading up to the coming World Cup.
The Aviat Club has been lucky enough to have our venue host the post match function, where both teams will be present. This is also doubling as a fund raising event for the PNG RFL.
Tickets are K200, which will include a BBQ dinner, entry in the lucky door prizes and your opportunity to mix with all the players. An auction of some football items will also take place on the night. All monies raised from this event go directly to PNGRFL.
Tickets can only be purchased from the Aviat Club reception, and are available now. This is open to all members and non-members.
Don’t miss out on this evening, and support PNG Rugby League.
I am Lucy (student) doing my final year in Master of Health Sciences at
I read your article today on "Goroka Base Hospital (GBH) being the first hospital in the country to go online".
I am so impressed and want to take this time to congratulate Robert Schilt, Dr Apa and other hospital management and the hospital board for taking this initiative in introducing Information Technology as part of the hospital's strategies to improve delivery of health services to the population of
It takes time and resources to establish the foundation, however, it' usage and benefits are essential for the patients, services and staff.
Keep up the good work and may
My thesis is on "Telehealth or Telemedicine in PNG" and I really support what GBH is doing.
Because 85% of people in rural areas are underserved due to many factors.
One of the reasons is the country's geographical barriers, less skilled health professionals, and etc, so with the use of Information and Communication Technology, the service it provides would be accessible, affordable and efficient to staff, patient and the community.
Friday, September 26, 2008
The nations of the Pacific need to have both genders represented in parliament if they are to realise their full potential in the global environment.
Opening the two-day sub-regional workshop on special measures for advancing women’s representation in legislatures in Port Moresby today, Papua New Guinea’s Prime Minister, Rt. Hon. Grand Chief Sir Michael Somare said: “We can no longer argue that custom stops us from recognising women as equal partners in our development when our aspirations are to embrace many western ideals and concepts.”
The Pacific Islands Forum Secretariat is organising the workshop in partnership with the Secretariat of the Pacific Community (SPC), AusAID, UNDP Pacific Centre, the Inter-Parliamentary Union, International Development Law Organisation (IDLO), the United Nations Development Fund for Women (UNIFEM) and PNG Sustainable Development Programme Ltd (PNGDSP). Participating in the workshop are Ministers, current and former parliamentarians, officials and key representatives from
Against the world average of 16 percent women parliamentarians, the Pacific countries have the lowest average by region of 3.1 percent (excluding
“This fact is no more pronounced than in PNG where our population is around 6.1 million yet we have had in the last 15 years (come 2012) only one woman representative in parliament,” Sir Michael said.
“While these are decisions made by the voters of Papua New Guinea, we as the members of the legislature should be doing much more to change the mindset of our voters to give women equal consideration when polling time comes around.
“I personally as you may know have continually supported the advancement of women since
Sir Michael added: “I realise that not all my colleagues are keen to positively discriminate in favour of women or to even recognise the value that both genders can add to the development process. Sadly there are some whose minds are already made up on the rightful place of women in our
“But I am confident that with the new generation of leadership in the region today and persistent lobbying and awareness we can overcome some of these hurdles. As members of the legislature we too have our part to play in increasing the representation of women in our parliaments.”
Sir Michael told the participants that there is already provision in the PNG constitution for nominated members of parliament and Dame Carol Kidu (the only woman MP in PNG) has been actively encouraging its implementation. Sir Michael also mentioned the possibility of creating reserved seats for women in Parliament, saying he personally favoured this as a longer term measure.
“Apart from legislation there are other little steps that can be taken to ensure women candidates are not forced out of the race through intimidation and harassment and that woman voters equally are not pushed to vote for candidates selected by their male relatives. One of the simple ways forward is to have separate polling booths; one for women and one for men. The electoral Commission has a large role to play in providing an environment that encourages free choice by women voters,” said Sir Michael
He added: “My personal thoughts are that it is also up to women to be a little more assertive. Nobody likes a person male or female who is too aggressive but everyone admires strength of character, integrity and most of all performance. I think women are blessed with feminine attributes of gentleness, empathy and a nurturing spirit. I believe women must take advantage of these traits to offer a leadership that is different to men but at the same time complimentary in all aspects of nation building.”
Sir Michael welcomed and acknowledged the support of the region’s development partners towards achieving the objective of increasing women’s representation in Parliament. He also thanked the organisers of the workshop.
For more information contact, Dr Henry Ivarature on phone (675) 323 2333 or email email@example.com